Happy childhood

    1. Register Number: 15

    2. Address: “Akatsia” Residential Complex, 24 Bulgaria Boulevard, Veliko Tarnovo 5000; Former Pioneer House / Current Municipal Children’s Complex

    3. Coordinates:

      43.079700, 25.620608

    4. Artist/Architect: Stoyan Kyumdjiev

    5. Type of Site: Monumental decoration

    6. Name: “Happy childhood”

    7. Other Names for the Monument: 

    8. Technique: Mosaic

    9. Materials Used: 

    10. Dating: 1978

    11. Monument Ownership: 

    12. Document Types:

    13. Cadastral Map Identifier:

    14. Regulation Plan Number :

    15. Affiliation to Other Cultural Monuments or Assemblages:

    16. Dimensions of the Monument (measurements): 

    17. Description – Analysis of the Type, Style & Iconography :
      The mosaic in the interior of the former Pioneer House, now the Municipal Children’s Complex in Veliko Tarnovo, covers two walls. It was created using natural stones of different colours, shapes, and sizes. The draft sketch of the mosaic and colorful pigments are visible underneath areas of collapsed stones.

    18. Signature/Artist’s Initials: 

    19. Condition:
      Although the bedding layer is sturdy, the pure cement solution used to connect the tesserae to the bedding layer did not sufficiently bond the parts together, resulting in the detachment of tesserae. The tesserae are individually placed, lacking mortar in the joints. Infiltrating moisture, evident in the wet patches on the mosaic surface, is causing tesserae detachment and salinization of the mosaic. Salinization is also induced by the use of cement as a bonding mortar. Additionally, the mosaic is affected by the painting of the surrounding wall and the bottom right corner of the mosaic on the larger of the two walls is partially obstructed by a ramp.

    20. Conservation / Restoration: No

    21. Preservation Regimes according to Bulgaria’s Cultural Heritage Act:
      In order to preserve this work, it is necessary to: address the root cause of the water damage; clean the work; stabilize the surface and structure of the tesserae and the bedding layer; remove the accumulated salts; and fill in the gaps of missing tesserae. In order to better present this work to the public, it is necessary to: provide for its regular maintanance and security; install lights for illumination; and add a plaque with the artist, title and year.

    22. Plans and Documentation Relating to Implementation: No

    23. Connection with the Environment: Favourable

    24. Primary Function of the Building: 

    25. Current Function of the Building: Municipal Children’s Complex

    26. Access: 

    27. Observation Access: 

    28. Correspondence Between Initial Project Plan & Implementation:

    29. Comments/Other: